The Monument to the Rt. Excellent Marcus Garvey, Jamaica
The Honorable Marcus Garvey, the renowned crusader for Black autonomy and pride, was Jamaica’s most famous citizen and memorialized in his birth country. He died in June 1940 in England, and his body brought to the monument in his honor. The burial vault is made of terrazzo and inset with marble and lies in the center of a black star, which was a symbol Garvey used in his enterprises, including the Black Star Line shipping company.
A bronze bust of Garvey that had been erected in another part of the park by the Kingston and St. Andrew Corp. in 1956 was removed and incorporated into the design.
Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
This national monument gives visitors insight into Harriet Tubman’s life as an enslaved woman as well as a conductor on the Underground Railroad. Located on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, the site includes Stewart’s Canal, which was dug by hand by free and enslaved people between 1810 and the 1830s. It is also where Tubman learned important outdoor skills that would help her guide oppressed people to freedom.
The Pyramids, Egypt
The Great Pyramids, near Cairo, are world-renowned icons that have been featured in numerous Hollywood movies. These massive tombs are the resting places of the mummified remains of Egypt’s dead pharaohs. Leaders throughout history are believed to receive prayers, food, and other offerings in the afterlife at these sacred resting places. The Pharaoh Khufu (or Pharaoh Cheops) and the great Sphinx, the half-human half-lion monument, are the most recognizable tombs.
Accompong Maroon Village, Jamaica
Accompong is the historic mountaintop home of the Leeward Maroons. The Jamaican Maroons were runaway enslaved people who fought the British during the 18th century. When the British invaded Jamaica in 1655, the Spanish colonists fled, leaving a large number of Africans they had enslaved. However, they refused to be enslaved by the British. So they escaped into the hilly, mountainous regions of the island, joining those who had previously escaped from the Spanish to live with the Taínos. The Maroons were highly influential in the fight to obtain freedom from colonial enslavement. Every Jan. 6 (Maroon leader Cudjoe’s birthday) at Accompong, descendants, and friends of the Maroons come together at a festival in celebration of the treaty signed between the Maroons and the British.
Cape Coast Castle, West Africa
Cape Coast Castle, originally built as a small trading lodge that was subsequently added to and enlarged until it became a fortification, according to many historians. The Dutch occupied the castle in 1652, and it was later captured by the Swedes, who named it Fort Carolusburg. In 1664, after a four-day battle between the locals and outsiders, the fort was captured by the British and renamed Cape Coast Castle.
Enslaved people were kept at Cape Coast Castle in the dark, disease-riddled dungeons while awaiting transport to the Americas. Around 1,000 enslaved men and 500 enslaved women occupied the castle at any one time in separate cells. Each would be locked up for six to 12 months before boarding ships that would take them to the Caribbean and the United States.
Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Site
It took nearly 20 years to raise the money, but a memorial honoring the late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. finally was erected in Washington, D.C. on Aug. 22, 2011. King is the first African-American to be honored with a memorial on or near the National Mall and only the fourth non-president to be memorialized in such a way. Chinese sculptor Lei Yixin is the sculptor of the 30-foot likeness of the civil rights leader.
Fort Frederik, St. Croix
On the west side of the island lies Fort Frederik, which was built in the 18th century out of necessity by the Danish government to protect St. Croix against an invasion by European powers, smugglers, and pirates. It gained its status as a National Landmark because of the role it played in two events that eventually led to the dissolution of slavery in the Virgin Islands in 1848. In 1848, Emancipation Revolt ended slavery in the Danish West Indies but started a 30-year period of serfdom based on contract labor that ensured continuing control by plantation owners. Then in 1878, escalating tensions erupted into the Labor Riot and Fireburn, which ended the contract labor system.
Fort Monroe National Monument
Following the War of 1812, the U.S. built a network for seacoast defense. Named after President James Monroe, Fort Monroe in Virginia was the first and largest of these forts. During the Civil War, it served as a haven for Black people who escaped and was one of the nation’s first self-contained African-American communities.
Anse Cafard Slave Memorial, Martinique
The Anse Cafard Slave Memorial is comprised of 20 statues, each eight feet tall. They were completed in 1998 in commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the emancipation of enslaved Blacks in the French West Indies. These are large, hulking figures bearing stoic, brooding expressions. Shoulders hunched, and heads bowed, the figures stare out at the sea from a grassy field. The memorial is poignant and evokes a sense of loss and mourning in line with the story that inspired its creation. The importation of new Africans to the Caribbean had been made illegal in 1815, but that did not stop the illicit trade from continuing many years later. Traders only opted to port their ships at night to avoid getting caught. On the evening of April 7, 1830, a ship carrying a cargo of Africans sank in the waters off the coast of Le Diamant. More than 40 would-be captives, shackled together in the vessel’s hull, drowned.
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park, West Virginia
This landmark commemorates some significant moments in Black history: it was the site of a deadly revolt led by abolitionist John Brown in 1859; during the Civil War, Harpers Ferry was a place of refuge for the enslaved Blacks who escaped; and it was the home of Storer College, where W.E.B. Du Bois and other African-American thought leaders convened for the Niagara Movement, the forerunner of the NAACP in 1906.
Selma-to-Montgomery National Historic Trail
This historic trail, featured in the current movie Selma, commemorates the civil rights marches from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, the first of three taking place on March 7, 1965. In an event known as “Bloody Sunday,” demonstrators were brutalized by Alabama state troopers. On their third attempt, the protesters, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, peacefully passed into Montgomery, inspiring the passage of the Voting Rights Act on Aug. 6, 1965.
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site, Topeka, Kansas
The former Monroe Elementary School in Topeka, Kansas, is an interactive home of this enormous change in the law. Visitors can get an intimate look at the history of the U.S. Supreme Court’s historic Brown vs. Board of Education case in 1954, where the high court ruled “separate but equal” facilities for Black and white students violated the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
Valley of the Kings, Egypt
Near Luxor, on the West Bank of the Nile, lie 63 tombs containing priceless Egyptian antiquities, known as the Valley of the Kings. The valley dates back to 500 years between the 16th and 11th centuries B.C. It is most known as the final resting place of Tutankhamun, also known as King Tut, who was discovered there in 1922.
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site
The home of historian Carter G. Woodson in Washington, D.C., has been maintained to honor his contributions to preserving the history of African-Americans for generations to come. Regarded as the father of Black History, Woodson established “Black History Week” in 1926, which we now celebrate in February as Black History Month.
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site, Alabama
The U.S. military launched a program in the 1940s at Tuskegee Institute to train African-American pilots and support staff. This site honors the 15,000 men and women who participated in the “Tuskegee Experience,” including the World War II pilots known as the Tuskegee Airmen.
Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument
President Barack Obama designated in 2013 the house in Wilberforce, Ohio, as the Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument. Young was born into slavery in Kentucky in 1864. He was the third Black person to graduate from West Point, the first Black U.S. National Park superintendent, the first Black military attaché and the highest-ranking Black officer in the U.S. Army until his death in 1922.
Read more: http://atlantablackstar.com/2015/01/21/16-monuments-around-the-world-honoring-black-people-that-everyone-must-see-before-they-die/